Welcome to day 13 of
The 21 Day Keto Challenge
Building up our knowledge we’re going to head into the next macro!. Short Read 1-3 mins.
By Cassius Fragomeni
More commonly known as simple sugars, these are found in a huge variety of foods everything from vegetables, milk and even fruits contain carbohydrates.
Monosaccharide, the word itself meaning “Single Sugar” is as you guessed it a single sugar molecule such as glucose, fructose or galactose and all of these are what we call “Isomers” meaning the molecules all have the same chemical
composition but they are arranged differently making them have different tasting levels of sweetness. While Disaccharides are
of course double sugars, more recognizable as Sucrose, lactose, and maltose.
Now complex carbs are just simple carbs that have bonded together to create chains of molecules, Starch is an example of a complex carbohydrate and is often found in our diets in pastas & noodles. As they are built from longer chains of carbohydrates they end up taking a longer time to break down in the body.
The above picture is what Glycogen looks like. This is how the body stores excess glucose molecules within the body, by creating glycogen and storing it in the liver & within skeletal muscle cells.
Glycogen plays a factor in your diet as when the body contains to much glucose it will produce insulin which tells the body to store the excess glucose as Glycogen. Now it all begins to come full circle as once your body runs out of room in your liver and skeletal muscle cells to store this glycogen it then converts it into the bodies long term energy storage method… FAT!