The Quest for Optimal Health #2

The Quest for Optimal Health

Continuing our Quest we take a look at our second Macronutrient. In this article we will take a look at one macro in specific Carbs!. Short Read 1-3 mins.

By Cassius Fragomeni

What are

Pasta, Bread, and a whole slew of other foods are loaded to the brim with those succulent carbs. We hear all the time that carbs are the devil and that we should avoid consuming them as much as possible how our body doesn’t need them and all that other miracle diet information. But what’s the real deal?


This molecule gets its name from the three atoms that make it up, Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen (Carbo standing for Carbon while Hydrate stands for water). Carbs however are found in pretty well everything we eat and
are even one of the 3 macronutrients we need just to be alive. Speaking of three’s there are 3 main carbohydrates being fibre, starch and sugars, but before we dig into those we’re going to cover Carbohydrate types.

Simple Carbohydrates

More commonly known as simple sugars, these are found in a huge variety of foods everything from vegetables, milk and even fruits contain carbohydrates.

Monosaccharide, the word itself meaning “Single Sugar” is as you guessed it a single sugar molecule such as glucose, fructose or galactose and all of these are what we call “Isomers” meaning the molecules all have the same chemical

composition but they are arranged differently making them have different tasting levels of sweetness. While Disaccharides are
of course double sugars, more recognizable as Sucrose, lactose, and maltose.

Complex Carbohydrates

Now complex carbs are just simple carbs that have bonded together to create chains of molecules, Starch is an example of a complex carbohydrate and is often found in our diets in pastas & noodles. As they are built from longer chains of carbohydrates they end up taking a longer time to break down in the body.

Glycogen (Pictured Above)

This is how the body stores excess glucose molecules within the body, by creating glycogen and storing it in the liver & within skeletal muscle cells. Glycogen plays a
factor in your diet as when the body contains to much glucose it will produce insulin which tells the body to store the excess glucose as Glycogen. Now it all begins to come full circle
as once your body runs out of room in your liver and skeletal muscle cells to store this glycogen it then converts it into the bodies long term energy storage method… FAT!

Well we now know that carbohydrates are not bad, the body needs them however it’s incredibly easy to overload on carbohydrates because of much of our foods contain them. Thus by carefully monitoring our carbohydrate intake we can cause the body to shift into a state where it will break down stored fats due to a carbohydrate deficit instead of converting them into fat.

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